gourmand, gourmet
The older of these two historically unrelated loanwords from French is gourmand, which came into English in the 15c, first as an adjective meaning ‘greedy, fond of eating’ and later as a noun denoting such a person, which remains its primary meaning. In the 18c it developed the meaning that gourmet (early 19c) was to have, i.e. ‘a judge of good eating’. In current use, gourmand is confined to its original noun meaning and gourmet continues to be used in the one meaning it has always had. Gourmet, unlike gourmand, is also used attributively (before a noun), as in gourmet food and gourmet meal.

Modern English usage. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • gourmet — [ gurmɛ ] n. m. • XVe; grommes 1352; a. fr. gromet « valet (de marchand de vins) »; o. i., un rapport s est établi avec gourmand 1 ♦ Vx Dégustateur en vins. ⇒ goûteur. 2 ♦ (XVIIIe) Mod. Personne qui apprécie le raffinement en matière de boire et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gourmet — is a cultural ideal associated with the culinary arts of fine food and drink, or haute cuisine . The term and its associated practices may have negative connotations of elitism or snobbery, but is often used positively to describe people of… …   Wikipedia

  • Gourmet — Sm Feinschmecker, Weinkenner erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. gourmet, dieses aus afrz. gormet Gehilfe des Weinhändlers , dann Weinkenner, Feinschmecker .    Ebenso ne. gourmet, nschw. gourmé, nnorw. gourmet. ✎… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • gourmet — Gourmet. s. m. Qui sçait bien connoistre & gouster le vin. Bon gourmet. les meilleurs gourmets y seroient trompez. si vous trouvez ce vin là bon, vous n estes pas gourmet. vous estes un mauvais gourmet …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • gourmet — ► NOUN 1) a connoisseur of good food. 2) (before another noun ) suitable for a gourmet: a gourmet meal. ORIGIN French, originally wine taster , influenced by GOURMAND(Cf. ↑gourmand) …   English terms dictionary

  • gourmet — connoisseur in eating and drinking, 1820, from Fr. gourmet, altered (by influence of M.Fr. gourmant glutton ) from O.Fr. groume, originally wine taster, wine merchant s servant (in 13c. a lad generally ), of uncertain origin. As an adjective from …   Etymology dictionary

  • gourmet — (del francés; pronunciamos gurmé ) sustantivo masculino,f. 1. Persona entendida y de gustos refinados en la comida: Mi padre es un gran gourmet …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Gourmet — Gour met (g[=oo]r m[asl] ), n. [F.] A connoisseur in eating and drinking; an epicure. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gourmet TV — était une chaîne télévisée spécialisée autour de la cuisine et de la gastronomie. Créée par Guy Job et Joël Robuchon en 2000, la chaîne a cessé d émettre en 2005, faute de crédits. Portail de la télévision …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gourmet — (franz., spr. gurmä), s. Gourmand …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • gourmet — /gur mɛ/ s.m., fr. [der. dell ingl. ant. grom ragazzo, valletto , incrociatosi con gourmand ghiottone ]. 1. (prof.) [degustatore, esperto di vini] ▶◀ sommelier. ‖ intenditore. 2. (estens.) [amatore della buona cucina: è un vero g. ]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

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